Tag Archives: 3.2d

3.2.d Describe IPv6 multicast

3.2.d [i] IPv6 multicast addresses

IPv6 multicast addresses IPv4 multicast addresses are defined by the leading address bits of 1110, originating from the classful network design of the early Internet when this group of addresses was designated as Class D. The Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) prefix of this group is 224.0.0.0/ 4. The group includes the addresses from 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255. Multicast addresses in IPv6 have the prefix FF00::/ 8. IPv6 multicast addresses are generally formed from four bit groups, outlined as follows:
v6 multicats

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 2576-2581).  . Kindle Edition.

http://www.sixscape.com/joomla/sixscape/index.php/technical-backgrounders/tcp-ip/ip-the-internet-protocol/ipv6-internet-protocol-version-6/ipv6-multicast-addresses

3.2.d Describe IPv6 multicast

3.2.d [ii] PIMv6

The anycast RP solution in IPv6 PIM allows an IPv6 network to support anycast services for the PIM-SM RP. It allows anycast RP to be used inside a domain that runs PIM only. Anycast RP can be used in IPv4 as well as IPv6, but it does not depend on the Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP), which runs only on IPv4. This feature is useful when inter-domain connection is not required. Anycast RP is a mechanism that ISP-based backbones use to get fast convergence when a PIM RP device fails. To allow receivers and sources to rendezvous to the closest RP, the packets from a source need to get to all RPs to find joined receivers

A unicast IP address is chosen as the RP address. This address is either statically configured or distributed using a dynamic protocol to all PIM devices throughout the domain. A set of devices in the domain is chosen to act as RPs for this RP address; these devices are called the anycast RP set. Each device in the anycast RP set is configured with a loopback interface using the RP address. Each device in the anycast RP set also needs a separate physical IP address to be used for communication between the RPs.

The RP address, or a prefix that covers the RP address, is injected into the unicast routing system inside of the domain. Each device in the anycast RP set is configured with the addresses of all other devices in the anycast RP set, and this configuration must be consistent in all RPs in the set.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 2594-2600).  . Kindle Edition.

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/ipv6/configuration/15-1s/ipv6-15-1s-book/ip6-pimv6-anycast-rp.html