Tag Archives: 2.1h

2.1.h Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies

2.1.h [v] Excluding specific platform implementation
this is the best that i can come up with.
Correct Answer by tnewshott  on Jul 11, 2014 8:25 AM


It means, that if a feature is different between 3560s,  3750s, 3850s, all within the Catalyst line – they will likely not test the feature. By moving to a virtual platform, they are running the IOS code, not emulating specific hardware platforms.

As such, things like hardware queue depths & software tweaks around it, drop threshholds, etc that are affected/dependant on the underlying hardware of a system, those things will likely not be entirely available or truly tweakable as they are in the old lab which had 3560s in it.

This means they are testing technologies, not device capabilities or hardware features.

2.1.h Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies

2.1.h [iv] Stackwise

Cisco StackWise technology provides a new method for collectively utilizing the capabilities of a stack of switches. Individual switches intelligently join to create a single switching unit with a 32-Gbps switching stack interconnect. Configuration and routing information is shared by every switch in the stack, creating a single switching unit. Switches can be added to and deleted from a working switch stack without affecting performance.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 1885-1888).  . Kindle Edition.


2.1.h Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies

2.1.h [iii] Alternative to STP

Alternative to STP Cisco offers two alternatives to running STP which are using TRILL and FabricPath. Virtual PortChannel (vPC) also simplifies and addresses STP’s shortcomings.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 1879-1881).  . Kindle Edition.

Cisco was the only participant in the discussion that advocated the
possibility of keeping STP inplace. What they stated was that some companies might want to use Virtual Port Channels (vPC),which keep STP in place but eliminate its shortcomings. Cisco also recommended that customerswho have more demanding requirements, such as the need for a flattened L2 architecture, shouldconsider either TRILL or FabricPath, a Cisco technology that brings routing concepts to Layer 2. Cisco pointed out that it believes that the goal of having SPB be backward hardware compatible will limit the evolution of that protocol.

2.1.h Describe chassis virtualization and aggregation technologies

2.1.h [ii] VSS concepts

The VSS incorporates the following key concepts:

● VSS Active and VSS Standby Chassis

● Virtual Switch Link

● Multi-chassis EtherChannel

When you create or restart a VSS, the peer chassis negotiate their roles. One chassis becomes the VSS active chassis, and the other chassis becomes the VSS standby. The VSS active chassis controls the VSS and runs the Layer 2 and Layer 3 control protocols for the switching modules on both chassis. The VSS active chassis also provides management functions for the VSS, such as module online insertion and removal (OIR) and the console interface. The VSS active and VSS standby chassis perform packet forwarding for ingress data traffic on their locally hosted interfaces . However, the VSS standby chassis sends all control traffic to the VSS active chassis for processing.

For the two chassis of the VSS to act as one network element, they need to share control information and data traffic. The virtual switch link (VSL ) is a special link that carries control and data traffic between the two chassis of a VSS. The VSL is implemented as an EtherChannel with up to eight links. The VSL gives control traffic higher priority than data traffic so that control messages are never discarded. Data traffic is load balanced among the VSL links by the EtherChannel load-balancing algorithm.

An EtherChannel (also known as a port channel) is a collection of two or more physical links that combine to form one logical link. Layer 2 protocols operate on the EtherChannel as a single logical entity. A Multi-chassis EtherChannel (MEC) is a port channel that spans the two chassis of a VSS. The access switch views the MEC as a standard port channel.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 1872-1879).  . Kindle Edition.