DSCP Settings and Terminology
Several DiffServ RFCs suggest a set of values to use in the DSCP field and an implied meaning
for those settings. For instance, RFC 3246 defines a DSCP of decimal 46, with a name Expedited Forwarding (EF). According to that RFC, packets marked as EF should be given queuing preference so that they experience minimal latency, but the packets should be policed to prevent them from taking over a link and preventing any other types of traffic from exiting an interface during periods when this high-priority traffic reaches or exceeds the interface bandwidth. These suggested settings, and the associated QoS behavior recommended when using each setting, are called Per-Hop Behaviors (PHBs) by DiffServ.