3.2.b Implement and troubleshoot IPv4 protocol independent multicast

3.2.b [iii] BiDirectional PIM

Bidir-PIM is a variant of the Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) suite of routing protocols for IP multicast and is an extension of the existing PIM sparse mode (PIM-SM) feature. Bidir-PIM resolves some limitations of PIM-SM for groups with a large number of sources.

Membership to a bidirectional group is signaled via explicit join messages. Traffic from sources is unconditionally sent up the shared tree toward the RP and passed down the tree toward the receivers on each branch of the tree. Bidir-PIM is designed to be used for many-to-many applications within individual PIM  domains. Multicast groups in bidirectional mode can scale to an arbitrary number of sources without incurring overhead due to the number of sources.

Bidir-PIM is derived from the mechanisms of PIM-SM and shares many shortest-path tree (SPT) operations. Bidir-PIM also has unconditional forwarding of source traffic toward the RP upstream on the shared tree, but no registering process for sources as in PIM-SM. These modifications are necessary and sufficient to allow forwarding of traffic in all routers solely based on the (*, G) multicast routing entries. This feature eliminates any source-specific state and allows scaling capability to an arbitrary number of sources.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 2502-2507).  . Kindle Edition.