1.1.e Explain TCP operations

1.1.e [v] Bandwidth delay product

Bandwidth-delay product refers to the product (or multiplication) of a data link’s capacity (in bits per second) and its end-to-end delay (in seconds). The result, an amount of data measured in bits (or bytes), is equivalent to the maximum amount of data on the network circuit at any given time, i.e., data that has been transmitted but not yet acknowledged.

In wide area networks (WANs), where the end-to-end delay-bandwidth product becomes a significant factor, TCP uses the network buffers to sustain a steady-state throughput that matches the available network capacity.

Adam, Paul (2014-07-12). All-in-One CCIE V5 Written Exam Guide (Kindle Locations 1138-1143).  . Kindle Edition.